What are the advantages and disadvantages of hormonal contraception?

Hormonal contraception is one of the most reliable methods of protection against unwanted pregnancy. In addition to pills, patches, subdermal implants, injections, IUD hormonal systems (a combination of IUD and hormones) and others are also used.

Advantages of hormonal contraception

  • effectively prevents unwanted pregnancy
  • reduces the likelihood of ectopic pregnancy
  • reduces the likelihood of hereditary ovarian and uterine cancer
  • protects and reduces the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian and fallopian tube inflammations
  • a woman can adjust her menstrual cycle according to her needs, the cycle becomes entirely regular
  • the intensity and length of menstruation shortens and reduces menstrual pain
  • improves skin and hair quality

Disadvantages of hormonal contraception

  • it is not suitable for every woman – it should be avoided by women who have had thrombosis, stroke, hormone-dependent tumours, diseases with severe liver dysfunction, etc.
  • consultation is necessary with regard to certain diseases – a family history of thrombosis, diabetes, liver disease
  • weight gain – in some women, hormones can affect water retention in the body
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